Formatting Citations

  • Rather than memorizing citation formats or buying expensive books explaining those formats, you can usually find the answer to “How do I cite this?” online.
  • Note: Online citation generators on the regular Internet that you find via Google vary widely, both in quality and in currency. Some are okay, and some are terrible. (The generator built into Google Scholar, for example, returned outdated results for MLA style on several test citations I ran). But you can often get a good start toward a decent Works Cited or Reference list entry from the citation generators include in the library databases, as in the example below. The generated citation might need a bit of tweaking, but it has a fair chance of being mostly correct. Use the generator to capture the tedious stuff, then double-check the citation against the examples linked below and tweak as needed.


example of citation generator available in SORIN
Example of citation generator available via the Munday Library


MLA Style

In-text citations

Works Cited


APA Style

In-text citations

Reference List

Chicago Style(s)

As part of your development as a researcher, you will be asked to understand who has said what about the facets of your research question and how others’ contributions can help you to answer your own question. One reason why researchers cite sources is to establish a trail that others can follow–that trail leads backwards to earlier sources, and forwards to later sources.

Example of Connected Papers search results and graph
Example of Connected Papers search results and graph